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Configure FileZilla ftp server


Article Information
Article ID: 5
Author: Greg Hedgepath
Created: 6/27/2008
Modified: 7/18/2011
Views: 24,247
Configuring FileZillaOpen the servers interface by going through the START MENU
>>START >> Program Files >> FileZilla Server

This menu should pop up after the installation. Just hit okay to continue. Every computer technically has 2 IP addresses- whatever DHCP or statically assigned IP and also 127.0.0.1 which means itself or localhost.

Adding Users

Under the Edit->Users Menu is the following screen.

On the far right, is a button Add. Pick a username and keep groups to
none for the time being. The chosen user name should now appear in the
box to the right. Highlight the name as shown in the picture. It would
be a good idea to check on password and to enter a password for the
user. Voila. We have a user who can access the FTP now. But the user
will not be able to do too much because by default he does not have
access to any directories.

There
is an addition add button in the center of the User dialogue. When this
button is hit, the usual My Computer style directory tree is shown.
Select the directory that is to be shared and hit ok. Highlighting the
directory will allow access to the Files and Directories dialogue
boxes.

Files

Read - Allows the users to read files in the directory. Without read enabled, users will not be allowed to download files.

Write* - Allows the user to write files to the directory

Delete* - Allows users to delete files from the directory

Append* - Allows the user to modify existing files in the directory.
For example if an upload gets interrupted, files that can be appended
to can continue on at the point where the transfer failed.

Directories

Create - Allows the user to create a new subdirectory

Delete - Allows the user to delete a directory

List - Allows an user to list the files in a directory

+Subdirs - Allows access to subdirectories with the same file permissions

A good rule of thumb is to allow the fewest permissions possible. For a FTP server
used to distribute files it is recommended that only read, list and
possibly +subdirs are enabled. It is a bad idea to allow write, delete,
and append in directories with other files as a lot of files can be
accidentally or maliciously destroyed. If file uploads are something
that is needed, create a seperate directory specifically for that
purpose to isolate it from important files that are not to be changed.Testing

Now that a basic user is set up and the FTP server
is running, it is time to test that everything works. Open up another
command prompt window through Start->Run->command. Type in "ftp"
(sans quotes). The prompt should change to ftp>. At this point type
in "open localhost". If the server is running there should be a server
message that is relayed back along with a prompt for a user name. Enter
the username and password when prompted (remembering that they are case
sensitive). If there is no prompt, the server is not running and it
should be restarted by finding the FileZilla Program Files group and
clicking on the Start FileZilla Server icon. If the username password
is rejected, double check both the username, password and caps lock.
Additional information can be found on the FileZilla Server Interface
Window

The next step is to make sure that the contents of the directory can be
accessed. This can be acheived by typing "ls" which lists the files in
the current directory. If the contents look right then it is alright.
Next step will be to actually get a file using the command "get "
where filename is one of the files that was listed using the ls
command. A Transfer OK denotes that it is working properly. If it works
up to this point than the basic FTP server is working. The last thing
to do would be to solicit the help of someone not on your computer
to see if the ftp server can be accessed through the external IP that
we got from What is My IP earlier. If that fails for some reason, it is
a router issue and it is time to crack out that manual for the router
again. Otherwise, buddy can be pulling files from the FTP server right
away.

Advanced Features

Limiting the Number of Users

By default, FileZilla is set up to allow unlimited users. This might
not be something that is desirable. There are also options to allow for
timeout settings. This is important with a limited number of uesrs - if
a connected user is not actively doing something it might be a good
idea to have a short time out / transfer value to clear space for
others.

Rate throttling is another great feature. Say you just discover a
long lost Uncle Bob and he wants to catch up with the last 10 years of
pictures. Well you can throttle Uncle Bob and his huge downloads
by limiting the rate he can download pictures at so that dear Aunt Rita
can get pictures from last week's birthday at a decent speed.

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